What Civets Are

As a kid I had never this breed of dogs called greyhound…I had gone on to play in the city park…along with this friend of mine…And nothing in life could have ever rendered me frozen than standing a meter or two away from this gigantic and abnormally slim creature that seemed too less like a dog…I screamed and ran away…my friend followed…I told dad the incident and he laughed hard and from my description understood what the creature must have been…He told me what loving animals are dogs of those breeds…and gradually after knowing so much about them…I fell in love with the amiable creatures…

Hmm…Reason of my sharing this incident…We can’t love something that we don’t know…I am here to make you fall in love with these unusually amazing creatures…civets…and after knowing what all they give us you’ll fall even more in love with them…

Hmm…Small to medium-sized carnivores…civets are in the Viverridae family which includes –

  1. Genets
  2. Linsangs
  3. Mongooses

There are 35 species of civets and genets in 20 genera…Their natural distribution is restricted to the warmer regions of the Old World…and they occupy a niche similarly filled by weasels and their relatives found in temperate deciduous forests…Civets vary in size and form…but most present a catlike appearance with long noses…slender bodies…pointed ears…short legs and generally a long furry tail….Cute no?

Anyway…moving ahead…Civets with a spotted or striped coat have five toes on each foot…There is webbing between the toes…and the claws are totally or semi-retractile…The pointed ears extend above the profile of the head…The ear flaps have pockets or bursae on the outside margins…similar to domestic cats…Their teeth are specialized for an omnivorous diet…including shearing carnassials teeth and flat-crowned molars in both upper and lower jaws…Teeth number from 38 to 40…depending on the species…

There’s a catch about them…Often…Otter civets could be mistaken for long-nosed otters…Similar in habit and appearance…otter civets are excellent swimmers and capable of climbing trees…Their toes are partially webbed…but their dense water repellant fur…thick whiskers…and valve-like nostrils are effective adaptations for living in water and preying on fish…There are two species which show differences in their coat coloration and number of teeth…Otter civets have smaller ears…blunter muzzles…shorter tails and more compact bodies than most banded palm civets…

Primarily nocturnal foragers with semi arboreal and arboreal habit…civets typically ambush their prey…During the day…civets usually rest in a hollow tree…rock crevice or empty…shallow burrow…They are solitary animals maintaining a wide home range…by scent marking trees on the borders of their territory…The term “civet” is derived from an Arabic word describing the oily fluid and its odor secreted by the perineal glands…Scent marking is important in civet communication…but the method differs among species from passively passing the scent when moving about causing the gland to rub vegetation…to squatting and then wiping or rubbing the gland on the ground or some prominent object…. 

Okay…you know enough now…Go through our reference links now…

  1. Civets by BP
  2. Civets by about.com
  3. Civet Oil by Dope

Civet – The Perfumed Cat

Only a countable number of things on earth are blessed with such rare and great qualities that that the human population has nothing else to do than to just bow to the grandeur…Civet is one such cat…with amazing smell…read on to explore…

You know…There are 19 species of true civets and genets classified in the subfamily Viverrinae…One of the best known is the African civet…A rather large…heavily built…long-bodied and long-legged carnivore…it is the most doglike viverrid…Preferring to be near water…it lives in a variety of habitats ranging from moist tropical forest to dry scrub savannah….It is considered terrestrial…climbing trees only in an emergency such as when hunted…The African civet hunts exclusively on the ground at night…resting in thickets or burrows during the day….An opportunistic and omnivorous predator…it will eat carrion, but prefers small mammals….

African civets deposit their droppings in one place creating middens or “civetries.” Although typically found at territorial boundaries…they also mark their territory using their perineal gland…

Coming to the smell of  Civet essential oil…Perfumers call the ingredients used to make a scent last “fixatives”…Whether synthetic or natural…perfume fixatives hold a scent together and keep it from fleeing once the liquid evaporates on the skin…

  • Most perfumes can be divided into base…middle and top notes…with each “note” consisting of two to six ingredients..Generally speaking…the earthier..deep scents of the base notes act as fixatives…
  • Not only do base notes themselves linger on the skin longer than the middle and top notes…but they preserve the entire perfume blend by slowing evaporation…Dozens of fixative ingredients exist…falling into three major categories…

Civet is an indispensible ingredient in perfumery…Natural Civet is an animal product…Although not everyone condone the use of animal products in perfumery…But all do recognize the importance of this ingredient…In an olfactory sense…Civet Artificial is aroma-identical to the natural material and easier and kinder to use….

Though uncommon today…musk…ambergris and castoreum once ruled the perfume industry as pheromone-rich ingredients that lighten and diffuse effect on the perfume blend…Many perfumers still use the oil from the civet…cousin to the mongoose…Like I’ve already explained before…Mind you…The animal is not killed during the collection process….

Anyway…have a look at our reference links…

  1. Kopi Luwak by David Emery
  2. Civet by Dope
  3. Civet Cat by Planet

Civet – All About The Oil And Animal

Civet Essential Oil…You think you know all about it?

Probably after you read this…you won’t say so…

Derived from the Latin name of a species of Civet cat…Civet is a wonderful medicine…Civet oil…which is the secretion of civet cat…has been used for many years by tribal medical practitioners of South Indian forests for treatment of pimples and wrinkles…The magical effect of the civet oil is useful in getting relief from

  • Pimple
  • Acne
  • Freckles
  • Wrinkles
  • Pigmentation
  • Sunburns

Civet oil is derived from civets…a tropical tree-dwelling mammal…They can be found in Africa and Asia…Civets are cat-like animals…and belong to the order Feliformia…which also holds

  • Lions
  • Tigers
  • Hyenas
  • Domestic cats

The oil is used in some perfumes…

Civet oil is sometimes referred to as civet musk…because it has similar properties to musk

Civet oil cannot ethically be used…and is not suitable for vegetarians or vegans alike…

Because Civet is a musk like fragrance…it can be used for protection and spiritual enlightenment if used in the proper manner…but is mainly directed toward more sensual pursuits…Depending on which part of the body you anoint…civet brings different flavours of energy to the fore…This is a pure anointing oil for external use only…

The African civet lives in savannahs and forests of South & Central Africa…ranging from Senegal to Somalia and south to Namibia and eastern South Africa…The Indian civet ranges from Indochina to China…It can be found in the countries of Nepal…Bangladesh..the Malay peninsula…and Vietnam…
Both species produce the so-called civet…an oily substance secreted by the animals to mark their territory…Civet has a penetrating and strongly faecal smell of carnivore…partly due to skatole…On ageing and upon dilution…a pleasant animal-musky odour develops…highly valued in perfumery…For this reason the animals are kept in cages…and the fresh secretion is taken from the pouches at weekly intervals…It is said that King Solomon’s supply of musk came from East Africa….Fortunately…the animal musk trade has declined over the years due to the availability of modern synthetic musk of nature-identical or -similar character…

Okay have a look at our reference links…

  1. Civet by About
  2. Civet Oil by The Straight Dope
  3. Civet Cat by Blue Planet

Civet – The Majestic Animal Smell

The animal Civet is no doubt very majestic…More so because of the expensive benefits it does to us…I mean the expensive provisions we are bestowed upon by this animal…

Civet is a musk like fragrance…it can be used for protection and spiritual enlightenment if used in the proper manner…but is mainly directed toward more sensual pursuits…Depending on which part of the body you anoint…civet brings different flavours of energy to the fore….This is a pure anointing oil for external use only…

Though little is known about its biology and ecology…there are some descriptions of habitat use…it once inhabited lowland forests…lowland swamp and riparian forests in the coastal plain districts of Western Ghats – although now it appears to be confined to thickets in cashew plantations and to highly degraded lowland forests in northern Kerala…It has been found in lowland riparian forests in the coastal plain districts…The species is nocturnal and probably elusive

Natural forests have completely disappeared in the entire stretch of coastal Western Ghats…thus the present vegetation is of secondary origin and is mostly plantations…Of these…cashew plantations are the least disturbed…as they are not weeded…providing a dense understory of shrubs and grasses for this terrestrial species to take refuge in…However….most records from 1960-1990 were in valleys around riparian areas…suggesting that this species is dependent of shallow water courses where it may forage at night…

Civet oil is derived from civets…The animal I had been talking about in this article….They can be found in Africa and Asia….Civets are cat-like animals…and belong to the order Feliformia…which also holds –

  • Lions
  • Tigers
  • Hyenas
  • Domestic cats

The oil is used in some perfumes…

Civet oil is sometimes referred to as civet musk…because it has similar properties to musk….

Civet oil cannot ethically be used…and is not suitable for vegetarians or vegans alike…

Okay now have a look at our reference links…

  1. Civet Cat by Blue Planet
  2. Civet by About
  3. Civet by Dope

Richest Cup Of Coffee – Civet

There is no doubt about the fact that a nicely prepared cup of hot and rich-smelling coffee can be luring…And something that adds on to the lure is undoubtedly the quality of the coffee beans…You know like the more pure and rich they are…the more tempting the beverage becomes…

One type of coffee that adheres…in fact…supersedes the above mentioned qualities of a good coffee is certainly…Civet coffee…

The magical flavour and aroma of the lip-smacking Civet Coffee or Kopi Luwak…as it is known popularly…reveals the romantic story of its provenance…You know how it works? It’s that this Asian Palm Civet eats the beans of the coffee berries…The beans then pass through the digestive tract of the civet and there proteolytic enzymes seep in to the beans….As a result…more amino acid and shorter peptides are formed…The beans pass through the intestines of the civet and are later defecated….These beans are then –

  • Gathered
  • Thoroughly washed
  • Sundried
  • Roasted
  • Brewed

All this…to give you that extremely delectable coffee…

The less bitter taste and alluring aroma of Civet Coffee make it one of the most sought after and most expensive coffees in the world…Chiefly produced on the rich islands of

  • Java
  • Sumatra
  • Sulawesi
  • Bali in the archipelago of Indonesia
  • Philippines

Actually it is mainly because….of the increasing popularity of civet coffee and the high income it brings…civet farming has become a custom for the local community who earlier hunted them…Civets are fed raw berries lavishly and the coffee beans are gathered from the faeces produced….Civets eat the coffee cherries for their fruit pulp and pass the coffee beans inside…Enzymes in their stomach when work on these beans add the soothing aroma and flavour to them….

Hmm…Okay now have a look at our reference links…

  1. Civet Coffee by The Dabbler
  2. Civet Coffee by Cat Coffee
  3. Civet Coffee by Owl’s Prowl

Most Exotic Coffee Ever Made – Civet

For the actual lovers of this beverage called ‘coffee’…The senses…the taste buds are never satiated…Instead their craving increases with every passing hour..

I have had so many friends who were absolute caffeine addicts…So much that they would get up in the middle of the night (literally) and go somewhere…I wondered if they were possessed! I had to follow them and used to find them preparing coffee for themselves…The ones who were pretty well-off…used to name brands of coffee I had never heard before in life…There was this friend of mine whose father was businessman…I remember whenever I used to go to her place to see her..she used to serve me this exotic and irresistibly rich and creamy smelling coffee…I too soon became the fan of the beverage…thanks to her religious serving…I asked her which coffee it was…though knowing that I would surely not have heard the name before…”Civet” she replied…

I searched for it and found ample information…about Civet coffee of course…In Indonesia…the country best known for this type of coffee…”kopi luwak” translates literally as “civet coffee.”…And just to clarify…Kopi Luwak is a process…not a type of coffee…

As a matter of fact…Most coffees are either named after the species or region or both take for example…

  • Lintong Arabica
  • Kona
  • Sulawesi Toraja Peaberry
  • Costa Rican Terrazu

And my tongue will get tangled in an attempt to pronounce these!

Anyway…There are four coffee species grown commercially…and hundreds of coffee growing regions…It refers to any coffee that has been consumed by a Palm Civet…a shy and peaceful relative of the mongoose that is found primarily in Indonesia and the Philippines…Palm Civets (formally called…Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) are of the civet family and are not actually cats…foxes or weasels

Any coffee bean consumed by a civet becomes “kopi luwak.”…If one civet is eating Arabica and another is eating Robusta…the flavour profile of each coffee will be quite different….However…both coffees will share the unique characteristics brought about by the enzyme action –

  • hints of chocolate
  • absence of bitterness
  • accentuated flavour profile
  • uniquely pleasant persistence on the palate

These changes have been documented and catalogued by a number of university studies…

Kopi Luwak coffees are such that enable you to experience the Kopi Luwak process on all four of the major commercial species of coffee and several different cultivating regions…

Basically…Coffee grows as a seed inside a fruit that resembles a cherry…The Palm Civet is a night-time forager who considers the ripest and sweetest coffee cherries to be a delicacy…which she swallows whole…She only wants the fruit…so the hard green coffee beans are passed through undigested…They are then gathered up…thoroughly cleaned…and roasted like regular coffee beans…Palm Civets have unique natural enzymes in their bellies that permeate the celluloid structure of the hard coffee beans and make it possible for the release during brewing of up to 25 or more otherwise unreachable flavour elements….Also…they neutralize many of the coffee’s bitter oils…

The result is the world’s smoothest and most flavourful coffee…with exceptionally pleasant recall on the senses…a rare effect that is experienced only with the finest and freshest coffees…

Okay…Check out our reference links now…

  1. Civet Coffee by Dabbler
  2. Civet Coffee by Owl’s Prowl
  3. Civet Coffee by Roasting

Less Known Of Civet

I am pretty sure the points I’ll be presenting before you today about Civet…are not known to you…Read and get surprised…

Each African Civet secretes up to 4g of musk every week…which is normally collected from African Civets in the wild…However…the capturing and keeping of African Civets for their musk is not unknown and is said to be an incredibly cruel industry….Today…few perfumes still contain actual musk from the glands of an African Civet as many scents today are easily reproduced artificially…Although it is a protected yet not an endangered animal…the African Civet populations have also been severely affected by Human hunters…who hunt these little carnivores to simply add their skin to the trophy cabinet….

The African Civet is found in a variety of habitats on the African continent…with its range extending from coast to coast in sub-Saharan Africa….African Civets are most commonly found in tropical forests and jungles and areas where there is plenty of dense vegetation to provide both cover and animals that the African Civets feeds on….African Civets are never found in arid regions and always must be in an area which has a good water source….Despite this though…it is not uncommon for African Civets to be found along rivers that lead into the more arid regions…They are capable swimmers and often spend their time hunting and resting in the trees as well as on the ground…

The African Civet is a solitary animal that only comes out under the cover of night to hunt and catch food….These nocturnal animals are primarily tree-dwelling creatures that spend most of the daylight hours resting in the safety of the trees high above….African Civets tend to be most active just after sunset but tend to hunt in areas that still provide plenty of cover….Despite being generally very solitary creatures…the African Civet has been known to gather in groups of up to 15 members particularly during the mating season….They are also highly territorial animalsmarking their boundaries with the scent released by their perineal glands….

Hmm…Now go through our reference links…

  1. Civet by The Straight Dope
  2. Common Plalm Civet by www.blueplanetbiomes.org
  3. Kopi Luwak by David Emery